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The murder of Paul Kessler
The murder of Paul Kessler
November 16, 2023
Thousand Oaks, California
United States
Total victims:
Photo by: Unknown

The murder of Paul Kessler

1 Jews were killed in an antisemitic attack in California, United States on 11/16/2023

Paul Kessler was a Jewish American man who died at the age of 69 after being fatally injured in an altercation on November 5, 2023, between dueling pro-Israel and pro-Palestine demonstrations in Thousand Oaks, California, United States

On November 16, suspect Loay Alnaji was taken into custody on a charge of involuntary manslaughter and battery in the death of Kessler. “While antisemitic hate speech was heard at the November 5, 2023, rally, there is no evidence those words were said by Alnaji,” according to a prosecution press release.

At dueling pro-Israel and pro-Palestine demonstrations on the 2023 Israel–Hamas war in Thousand Oaks on November 5, 2023. About seventy-five to a hundred people were gathered at the intersection for the two protests, which were held by two groups; "Freedom for Palestine" and "We are Pro-Israel." Police patrolling the area reported seeing no indication of violence about fifteen minutes before the altercation reportedly happened. Kessler and a pro-Palestinian supporter had reportedly been involved in an altercation, and Kessler had at some point fallen backwards and hit his head on the ground.

Reports of Kessler being struck by a pro-Palestinian supporter in the face with a megaphone were reported, but Ventura County Sherriff Jim Fryoff indicated in a later conference it was unconfirmed. According to the lawyer of Loay Alnaji, a 50-year-old male pro-Palestinian supporter, Kessler reportedly got in the face of many of the pro-Palestinian protestors and stuck his phone in Alnaji's face.


At around 3:20PM responding deputies and EMS responded to calls and found Kessler on the ground conscious and able to speak.[10] Alnaji stayed at the location until deputies arrived to indicate his involvement and had helped Kessler and called 911 after he fell.[8] Bleeding from the head and mouth, Kessler was transported to the hospital, where he was responsive and conscious to speak with law enforcement at the hospital. He died early the next day, November 6, at the hospital.


The Ventura County Sheriff's Office initially stated on November 7 at a news conference that there were conflicting accounts from eyewitnesses about the events leading to Kessler's death, and urged anyone with information to come forward. Sheriff Fryhoff indicated that surveillance footage and other media collected at the scene did not provide a clear view of the encounter and many witnesses disagreed on things such as what caused the fall and who began the confrontation.

Ventura County Sheriff's Office deputies detained a suspect in Kessler's death, who had remained on the scene after calling 911, answering officers' questions. The sheriff's office released the suspect after questioning, then later searched his home. The medical examiner ruled the cause of death to be homicide, and noted non-lethal facial injuries that could have resulted from being hit. Prior to charges being filed and a suspect arrested officials reportedly reviewed over 600 pieces of evidence, which included media from the demonstration and interviewed more than 60 witnesses.

Released findings from Kesslers autopsy showed that he had suffered injuries consistent with a fall, such as skull fractures, brain swelling and bruising along with nonlethal injuries to his face. In a May, 2024 judicial hearing, prosecutors presented DNA analysis showing that blood found on the megaphone matches Kessler.


On November 16, the Sheriff's Office announced that they had arrested a 50-year-old male suspect, Loay Alnaji, in connection to Kessler's death on the charge of involuntary manslaughter and battery with a $1 million bail.[16] He pled not guilty in Ventura County Superior Court the next day, with bail reduced to US$50,000, and was ordered to relinquish his U.S. and Jordanian passports. Alnaji's lawyer stated that, while they did not contest an altercation occurred, Kessler was combative toward the pro-Palestinian protesters, Alnaji had not caused Kessler to fall, and was between six and eight feet from Kessler when he fell. The prosecution had not found evidence that Alnaji had committed a hate crime as of a May, 2024 press release, and “While antisemitic hate speech was heard at the November 5, 2023, rally, there is no evidence those words were said by Alnaji”.

Alnaji, a professor of computer science at Moorpark College, had previously expressed pro-Palestinian views on social media. Shortly after his arrest, his biography was removed from the Moorpark College website and the Ventura County Community College District placed him on administrative leave.

A memorial was set up at the street corner where Kessler was fatally injured. A vigil and then a rally were held there. The family of Kessler announced that there would be a private funeral after realizing the scope of people that may want to attend and asked for privacy. After Kessler's death the Sheriff's Office increased patrols at and around Muslim and Jewish places of worship and community gathering centers.


Los Angeles Mayor Karen Bass said, "We mourn the death of the Jewish man who died after being injured during a protest in Thousand Oaks. As details emerge and are confirmed, we stand resolute in condemnation of violence and antisemitism."

The Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles called Kessler's death an "antisemitic crime" and stated that violence against the Jewish people had no place and they would not tolerate violence against the community. The Council on American-Islamic Relations denounced the alleged attack and expressed support for the Jewish community.

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